This post is also available in: 日本語
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Key points of this article
- 3 What is the GDPR?
- 4 Basic Principles of the GDPR
- 5 Personal data subject to the GDPR
- 6 Japan Prepares to Revise Personal Information Protection Law
- 7 Lastly
In recent years, regulations have rapidly advanced in the area of personal information protection. This regulation on personal information is being advanced all over the world. The Japanese government is also actively discussing this issue. In particular, the EU has enacted a law called the GDPR, which regulates methods of obtaining personal information on the web, such as cookies. This article explains what the GDPR is and what measures are necessary for site operators using WordPress.
A mechanism for storing information in a browser on a Web page. You can obtain and provide login information and terminal information as cookie information.
Key points of this article
First, I’ll list the points of this article! If you don’t have time, please take a look at this point.
- All companies that collect personal data from EU residents
- May require user consent to retrieve information
- Update and user consent required for personal information retrieval tool
- If you fail to comply with the GDPR, there are fines and other sanctions.
- Revision of the Personal Information Protection Law in Japan May Stricter the Rules
What is the GDPR?
Let’s start with the GDPR. GDPR stands for “General Data Protection Regulation”. When translated into Japanese, it is called “EU General Data Protection Regulation”. Effective May 25, 2018, this law replaces the “Data Protection Directive 95 (EU Data Protection Directive)” which came into effect in 1995.
Background to the establishment of the GDPR
Behind the establishment of the GDPR is the development of IT technology and economic globalization. Starting with huge platforms such as Google and Facebook, there are increasing numbers of companies that leverage massive amounts of data to expand their businesses globally. The EU has established the GDPR as an updated version of the emergency legislation to respond to such environmental changes.
Basic Principles of the GDPR
The GDPR has basic handling principles. Please check the following.
- Data must be handled in a lawful, fair and transparent manner
- No. I need your consent.
- Personal data must be collected for a specific, clear and legitimate purpose and handled only for that purpose.
- Personal data must be appropriate, relevant, and minimally sensitive to the needs of the purpose for which it is handled.
- Personal data must be accurate and current.
- Personal data should be stored for as short a period of time as possible, with the data subject identifiable.
- Personal data must be handled in a manner that ensures the appropriate security of the personal data.
- Administrators are responsible for the above principles and must be able to prove compliance.
Penalties of the GDPR
The following are fines and examples of violations of the GDPR.
Higher of “4% of a company’s worldwide annual sales” or “20 million euros.”
Personal data subject to the GDPR
Let’s look at the personal data covered by the GDPR.
The countries covered are:.
- EU member states
- 3 member countries of the EEA (European Economic Area)
Defining Personal Information
This information will lead to the identification of all individuals, including employees and company representatives, as well as general consumers in the target countries.
Personal information may include the following:.
- Names are known: organization chart, seating chart, employee management books
- Names of stakeholders: Shareholder registry, customer management data
- email addresses: mailing lists, data in CRM tools
- Personal Information: Video/Image/Audio
It is easy to understand if you consider all the data that can be specified by individual designation as the object. The same applies to data that, when combined with other information such as employee IDs and mobile numbers, can identify individuals. In this regard, online identifiers, such as cookies and IP addresses, are relevant when combined with other data to provide personal identification.
Will Japanese companies be affected by the GDPR?
Although the GDPR is an EU law, Japanese companies may be affected by this law.
- have subsidiaries in the EU region
- located in Japan but serving EU residents
- Access to EU resident personal data collected by companies in the EU
- handle the personal data of EU residents on a consignment basis
- What should website operators do to comply with the GDPR?
Since the GDPR is primarily concerned with a very large department, this article lists the actions required from the perspective of a business site operator using a CMS tool such as WordPress.
- Development of internal systems
- Obtaining user consent
- data encryption
- Plugin Checking and Updates
- Development of internal systems
As for the internal maintenance, it is necessary to have a data manager first. At the same time, it is necessary to organize internal rules concerning data management.
Obtaining user consent
When obtaining personal data from users, it may be necessary to obtain clear consent from the data subject, and a record is required to confirm that the data subject has actively expressed his or her intention to consent.
Here are some of the tools and techniques you should be aware of:
■Getting Cookies for Retargeting Ads
■Obtaining location data such as GPS
Data storage location encryption and data communication traffic encryption (https) are required. The term “encryption” is not required by the GDPR as it is not used extensively in the GDPR. However, as it is a basic content for information management of a company, it is better to work on it if it is not prepared.
Checking and Updating Plug-ins
WordPress plug-ins that collect and store personal information must be updated. The main plug-ins are:.
- Inquiry Forms Plugin
- Comment Plugin
- analytic plug-in
- Marketing Plugins
- Community Plug-in
Japan Prepares to Revise Personal Information Protection Law
In this article, we introduced the definition of the GDPR and the points of its countermeasures. Regulations on the protection of personal data will be strengthened not only in the EU but also in the world, so we may be able to create an opportunity to inspect sites and services once again. That’s all for the article.